General Framework

The project aligns with the Bruges-Copenaghen process, envisaging a common frame for transparency of competences and qualifications, a set of common principles to validate formal and informal education, to ensure greater compatibility between the approaches of different Member States at different levels and continuous vocational guidance tools, to enable citizens to benefit from a better access to lifelong learning.

Countries around Europe are increasingly emphasising the need to take account of the full range of an individual’s knowledge, skills and competences – not only those acquired at schools, universities or other formal education and training institutions.

In EU Communication on “Implementing the Community Lisbon Programme: Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through education and learning (2006)”, it is also specified that entrepreneurship and managerial competence is developed in both formal and non-formal settings and tools for the recognition and validation of entrepreneurship-related and managerial skills acquired in non-formal learning should be further developed.